投彩票彩票代理

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吴良镛院士:如何迎接“大时代”——人居高质量发展与城乡治理现代化的思考

http://gm-ktwx.com 2019-12-10 来源:中国城市规划 作者: 发表评论(0)

  ZAI12YUE7RIZHAOKAIDEZHONGGUOCHENGSHIBAIRENLUNTANSHANG,ZHONGGUOCHENGSHIGUIHUAXUEHUIMINGYULISHIZHANG、LIANGYUANYUANSHI、QINGHUADAXUEJIAOSHOULIANGYUANYUANSHIWULIANGYONGZUOZHUZHIBAOGAO。

投彩票彩票代理   ZAOZAISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI,WULIANGYONGXIANSHENGTICHU“RENJUHUANJINGXUE”,BUDANYIDIYANJIU“FANGZI”,ERSHIYIRENWEIHEXIN,JIANGRENLEIJUJUZUOWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG,ZONGHEYANJIURENYUHUANJINGDEGUANXI,YIGENGHAODIJIANSHEFUHERENLEILIXIANGDEJUJUHUANJING。ZAIBENWENZHONG,WULIANGYONGXIANSHENGJINYIBUCHANSHILERENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANYUCHENGXIANGZHILIXIANDAIHUADEGUANXI,TATICHU,MEIHAOSHENGHUOLIBUKAIMEIHAORENJU,MIANDUISHIDAIDESHIMING,RENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANYUCHENGXIANGZHILIXIANDAIHUACHENGWEIZHONGDAERPOQIEDEYANJIUYUSHIJIANMINGTI。

  1 时代的使命:人民对美好生活的向往

  RENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGSHIXINSHIDAIDEWEIDASHIMING。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHICHU:“WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGZHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。”XIJINPINGZAISHANGHAIKAOCHASHIZHICHU:“CHENGSHISHIRENMINDECHENGSHI,RENMINCHENGSHIWEIRENMIN。WULUNSHICHENGSHIGUIHUAHAISHICHENGSHIJIANSHE,WULUNSHIXINCHENGQUJIANSHEHAISHILAOCHENGQUGAIZAO,DOUYAOJIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN,JUJIAORENMINQUNZHONGDEXUQIU……WEIRENMINCHUANGZAOGENGJIAXINGFUDEMEIHAOSHENGHUO。”2013NIAN11YUE,DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUITICHULE“JIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU,TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUA”DEQUANXINMINGTI。2019NIAN10YUE,DANGDESHIJIUJIESIZHONGQUANHUIZHAOKAI,BASHIXIANGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUAZUOWEIQUANDANGDEYIXIANGZHONGDAZHANLVERENWU。MANZURENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG,SHITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEGENBENMUDE。

  JIUGUOJIFAZHANQUSHIERYAN,KECHIXUFAZHAN、YIRENWEIBEN、MEIHAOSHENGHUOYESHIGUOJISHEHUIPUBIANGUANZHUDEZHONGDAWENTI。2015NIAN9YUE,GEGUOLINGDAORENZAILIANHEGUOZHAOKAIHUIYI,TONGGUOLELIANHEGUOKECHIXUFAZHANMUBIAO(The Global Goals For Sustainable Development),ZHIZAIWEIXIAYIGE15NIANSHIJIEFAZHANTICHUMUBIAO,QIZHONGMUBIAO11JIWEI:“JIANSHEBAORONG、ANQUAN、YOUDIYUZAIHAINENGLIDEKECHIXUCHENGSHIHERENLEISHEQU”。LIANHEGUORENJUSHU“RENJUSAN”DAHUI(Habitat III)YU2016NIANZAIEGUADUOERDEJIDUOZHAOKAI,ZHIDINGLEXINDELISHIXINGLANTU——《XINCHENGSHIYICHENG》(NEW URBAN AGENDA)。DAHUIMISHUZHANGKELUOSIBOSHIZHICHU:“《XINCHENGSHIYICHENG》XUYAOWEIXIANGGENGKECHIXUDECHENGSHIHUAFAZHANMOSHIDEGENBENXINGZHUANBIANCHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN,NULISHIXIANBAORONGXINGDE、YIRENWEIBENHEKECHIXUDEQUANQIUFAZHAN。”2019NIANSHIJIECHENGSHIRI(10YUE31RI)DEZHUTIYETIXIANLEZHEIYIQUSHI,HUYU“GAIBIANSHIJIE:CHUANGXINSHIHOUDAISHENGHUOGENGJIAMEIHAO”。

投彩票彩票代理   MEIHAOSHENGHUOLIBUKAIMEIHAORENJU,MIANDUISHIDAIDESHIMING,RENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANYUCHENGXIANGZHILIXIANDAIHUACHENGWEIZHONGDAERPOQIEDEYANJIUYUSHIJIANMINGTI。

  2 面向美好生活,推动人居高质量发展

投彩票彩票代理   RENJUHUANJINGZHILIANGZHIJIEGUANXIRENMINQUNZHONGDEMANYIDUYUHUODEGAN。ZAIWENMINGFAZHANDEJINCHENGZHONGYOUYIDIANSHISHIZHONGBUBIANDE——SHEHUIYAOJINBU,RENLEIYAOZHUIQIUGENGJIAJIANKANGMEIHAODESHENGHUO。HUIGULISHI,YIGEMINZUDEFAZHANSHIZHONGSHIYUMEIHAODERENJUHUANJINGXIANGBANSUIDE。MEIHAOSHENGHUOLIBUKAIMEIHAORENJU。RENJUHUANJINGDEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZHIGUANZHONGYAO:YIFANGMIAN,MIANXIANGMEIHAOSHENGHUO,GUIHUA、JIANSHEMEIHAORENJU;LINGYIFANGMIAN,TONGGUOMEIHAORENJU,ZHICHENG、SHIXIANMEIHAOSHENGHUO。

  ZISHANGSHIJI90NIANDAI,WOCHANGDAORENJUKEXUE,JIUSHIRENSHIDAOLEYINGJIANG“REN”ZUOWEIYIQIEYANJIUHESHIJIANDEHEXIN。RENJUKEXUEYANJIURENLEIJULUOJIQIHUANJINGDEXIANGHUGUANXIYUFAZHANGUILV,SHIYINGDUIGUOJIAZHANLVE、ZHICHENG“RENMINMEIHAOSHENGHUO”MUBIAOSHIXIANDEZHONGYAOKEXUE。RENJUKEXUEYIXITONGXINGHECENGCIXINGDEGUANDIANYANJIURENLEIJULUOJIQIHUANJINGDEKONGJIANJIEGOU。BAOKUOWUDACENGCI,JIJULUODEWUGECHIDU:QUANQIU、QUYU、CHENGSHI、SHEQU、JIANZHU,YIJIWUDAXITONG,JIGOUCHENGJULUODEWUGEYAOSU:ZIRAN、SHEHUI、REN、JUZHU、ZHICHENGWANGLUO。


人居科学的层次和系统

  YINGYICIXITONGGUANHECENGCIGUANLAIRENSHIRENJUHUANJINGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDENEIHANYUFANGXIANG:

  ZAIQUANQIUCENGCI,GUANZHUYIDAIYILUDENGZHANLVE;

投彩票彩票代理   ZAIQUYUCENGCI,GUANZHUDACHENGSHIDIQUXIEDIAOFAZHAN、SHENGTAIHENONGYEDIQUBAOHU、CHENGXIANGTONGCHOUDENGYITI;

  ZAICHENGSHICENGCI,ZHONGSHICHENGSHIJIANKANGFAZHAN、CHENGSHIGENGXINHEBAOHU、CHENGSHISHEJIDENGWENTI;

  ZAISHEQUCENGCI,ZHONGSHIWANZHENGSHEQUJIANSHE、GONGGONGFUWUJUNDENGWENTI;

投彩票彩票代理   ZAIJIANZHUCENGCI,ZHONGSHILVSEJIANZHU、TESECHUANCHENGDENGWENTI。

投彩票彩票代理   ZAIMEIYIGEKONGJIANCENGCIZHONG,JIYAOKAOLVZIRAN、SHEHUI、REN、JUZHU、ZHICHENGWANGLUOWUDAXITONGGEZIDEZHILIANGHEFAZHANSHUIPING,GENGYAOGUANZHUGEXIANGGUANXITONGJIANDELIANXIYUJIEHE,YIGAOZHILIANGDERENJUHUANJINGWEIZHENGTIMUBIAO。

  3 通过城乡治理,实现人居高质量发展,推进国家治理现代化

  MANZURENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANGHESHIXIANRENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN,SHIJIANCHIHEWANSHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEGENBENMUDE。CHENGXIANGZHILISHIGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEZHONGYAONEIRONG,SHIZHONGYAOBAOZHANGHEZHICHENG。WEIJINZHIJI,YIHUZIJUEYUNYONGRENJUSIXIANG,TANSUOCHENGXIANGZHILIXIANDAIHUADETUJING,SHIXIANRENJUHUANJINGDEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,WEIGUOJIAZHILITIXIYUZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUATIGONGRENJULUJING。

  FUZAWENTIYOUXIANQIUJIE,MINGQUEBUTONGCENGCIDEGONGZUOZHONGDIAN

投彩票彩票代理   RENJUKEXUECHANGDAO“FUZAWENTIYOUXIANQIUJIE”DEFANGFALUN。JIYIXIANSHIWENTIWEIDAOXIANG,HUACUOZONGFUZAWENTIWEIYOUXIANGUANJIANWENTI,XUNZHAOZAIXIANGGUANXITONGDEYOUXIANCENGCIZHONGQIUJIEDETUJING。DANGRAN,ZHEIBINGBUYIWEIZHEJIANGFUZAWENTI“JIANDANHUA”,ERSHIZAIBAOLIUDUIXIANGFUZAXINGDEQIANTIXIA,JINXINGZONGHETILIAN,XUNZHAOGUANJIANDIAN,YEJIUSHISHIWUDE“GANG”,YIQISHENSHENDI、QIESHIDIJIEJUEMIANLINDESHIJIWENTI。

投彩票彩票代理   RENJUHUANJINGJUYOUDUOCENGJIDETEZHENG,BUTONGCENGJIYAOZHUAZHUGEZICENGJIDEGUANJIANWENTI。ZAIGUOJIACENGMIAN,YINGZHONGSHIHONGGUANZHANLVEYUJIZHIDEDINGCENGSHEJI;ZAIDIFANGCENGMIAN,YINGZHONGSHILAOBAIXINGKANDEJIAN、MODEZHEDEJUTIDEMINSHENGSHIYE;ZAIBUTONGCENGJIZHIJIAN,YOUYAOXIANGHUXIANJIE,YAOYANJIUBICIZHIJIANDECHUANDAOHEXIANGHUZHIYUEGUANXI。

投彩票彩票代理   YUCITONGSHI,RENJUHUANJINGHAIJUYOUDUOXITONG、DUOYAOSUDETEZHENG,ZAIJIANSHEGAOZHILIANGRENJUHUANJINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BIRANYAOSHEJIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN、HUANJINGZIYUANBAOHU、GUOTUKONGJIANGEJU、CHENGXIANGHUANJINGJIANSHE、DISHANGDIXIAKONGJIANLIYONGDENGJUTIGONGZUO。ZHEIXIEGONGZUOXUYAOJINXINGZHUANMENDEYANJIUYULUOSHI,ZHIDINGGUIHUABINGJIANDUSHISHI。“SHEIGUIHUA,SHEISHISHI”,BUNENGYIYIGEBUMENDEGONGZUOWANQUANTIDAIQITABUMENDEGUIHUAGONGZUO。

  ZIJUEYUNYONGZHENGTIXINGFANGFA,YIRENJUWEIGANG,JIANGGELINGYU、GECENGCIGONGZUONINGCHENGYIGUSHENG

投彩票彩票代理   RENJUHUANJINGKEXUEZHUZHONGRENLEIJULUOJIQIHUANJINGDEXIANGHUGUANXIHEZUZHIYUANZE,CHAOYUEWUZHIKONGJIANDUIXIANGBENSHEN。YIZHENGTIXINGFANGFA,KAIZHANRONGGUANDEZONGHEYANJIUSHIRENJUKEXUEDEJIBENYANJIUFANGFA。MIANDUIRENJUHUANJINGGUIHUAJIANSHEZHONGDEFUZAWENTI,YINGYIZHENGTIXINGFANGFA,SHENKEBAWOHAOGUIHUA、JIANSHE、BAOHU、GUANLIDEKEXUEGUILV,CHULIHAOGEFANGMIANGUANXI,JINYIBUTONGCHOUGEBUMENLILIANG。JIANCHIYIRENMINWEIZHONGXIN,YIRENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANWEIZHUASHOU,JIANGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN、ZIYUANHUANJINGBAOHU、CHENGSHIGUIHUAJIANSHEGUANLIDENGYIXILIEZHONGYAOGONGZUONINGCHENGYIGUSHENG,WEIGUANGDARENMINTIGONGSHENGCHAN、SHENGHUO、SHENGTAIHELIZUZHIDEYOUXUKONGJIANYUYIJUHUANJING,BUDUANSHIXIANRENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG。


人居科学的整体性方法

  YILVSECHENGXIANGJIANSHECUJINRENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,TUIJINGUOJIAZHILIXIANDAIHUA

  SHIJIUDAJIANG“JIANSHESHENGTAIWENMING、TUIJINLVSEFAZHAN”ZUOWEI“XINSHIDAIJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDEJIBENFANGLVE”ZHIYI。TUIDONGLVSEFAZHANSHIGUANCHEXINFAZHANLINIANDEBIRANYAOQIU,CHENGXIANGJIANSHESHIQUANMIANTUIDONGLVSEFAZHANDEZHUYAOZAITIHEZHONGYAOZHANCHANG。

投彩票彩票代理   CHENGXIANGRENJUHUANJINGSHEJIDEKEXUEWENTIJIGUANGFAN,SHENGTAIWENTIKEWEISHIQIZHONGZUIWEIYANJUNYEZUIWEIPOQIEDEWENTI,YIJINGGUANHURENLEISHENGCUNDEGENBEN,YIHUTONGGUOLVSECHENGXIANGJIANSHE,CUJINRENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,TUIJINGUOJIAZHILIXIANDAIHUA。ZAICHENGXIANGJIANSHEZHONG,KAIZHANRENJUKEXUEZHIDAOXIADECHENGXIANGKONGJIANZHENGZHIHEYOUHUA,JIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHELUODAOSHICHU。

  YIFANGMIANCUJINRENGONGHUANJINGXIANGDUIJIZHONG,LINGYIFANGMIANZHONGZHENG、XIUFUZIRANHUANJING,CHUANGZAOJIAMEIDE“SHANCHUANXINGSHENG”,SHIDESHENGCHANKONGJIAN、SHENGHUOKONGJIANZHONGYOUGENGDUODELVSELANGDAOXIANGJIAN,JIBAOZHANGSHENGTAIANQUAN,YOUWEIRENMINQUNZHONGTIGONGXIUXIANYOUQIDEGONGGONGKONGJIAN。YIHUJIZAOBAOHUCHENGSHIZHIJIANBAOGUIDELVSEDIDAI,BIMIANCHENGZHENHUAWUXUFAZHANDAILAIDEGUOTUPOSUI,YIGENGGAODEYUANJIANYUGENGDADEPOLIXINGCHENGQUANGUOXINGDELVSEZHANLVETIXI,SHIXIANZHONGGUORENJUHUANJINGDEKECHIXUFAZHAN,HUIZHIMEILIZHONGGUODEJINGCAIHUAJUAN。

  4 发展人居理论,共同推进人居高质量发展与城乡治理现代化

投彩票彩票代理   KEXUEDEFAZHANYAOZHUANZHUYUSHIDAIDEDACHAO,BUSHISHIJIDIZAILILUNYUSHIJIANSHANGCHUANGXIN、TUIJIN,GENGSHANGXINDETAIJIE。MIANDUISHIDAIDESHIMING,RUGUONENGYUXIANGGUANBUMEN、YANJIUJIGOU,YUZHONGDUOXIANGGUANXUEKEDEZHUANJIA,CONGYIGEXINDEJIAODU,NIDINGDADEKUANGJIA,FAZHANRENJULILUN,GONGTONGTUIJINRENJUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANYUCHENGXIANGZHILIXIANDAIHUA,WEILAIDELIANGHAOFAZHANSHIKEYIYUJIANDE。

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